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11th Global Experts Meeting on Chemistry And Computational Catalysis

Singapore City, singapore

Ge Li

Ge Li

National Institute of Clean-and-Low-Carbon Energy, China

Title: Reaction mechanism of low-temperature selective catalytic reduction of NOx over iron and manganese oxides supported on fly ash-derived SBA-15 molecular sieves.

Biography

Biography: Ge Li

Abstract

Fly ash emissions caused by coal combustion have been increasing for many years, causing serious environmental pollution. Coal combustion also causes large amounts of NOx to be emitted to the atmosphere, and this has caused environmental problems such as acid rain, which cannot be ignored. The denitrification catalyst V2O5/WO3-TiO2 gives a good denitrification efficiency at a high temperature but the catalyst gives a poor efficiency at low temperatures(100-300℃). Therefore, we introduce a new method based on the use of fly ash to control NOx output. We used a two-step alkali hydrothermal method to prepare SBA-15 mesoporous molecular sieves from fly ash obtained from a thermal power plant in Inner Mongolia (China). A series of bimetallic iron and manganese oxides were supported on the fly ash-derived SBA-15 catalyst and excellent NO conversion was found for NH3-SCR at low temperatures. The catalysts were characterized by: XRDXPS; NH3-, O2-, and CO2- TPD; H2-TPR, BET analysis, SEM, TEM, and DRIFT spectroscopy. The denitration activity and denitration mechanism over the catalysts is discussed. The mechanisms of NO reduction and N2O formation over Mn/SBA-15 and Fe-Mn/SBA-15 were investigated through in situ DRIFT studies and a transient reaction study. The strong oxidation, low acidity, and high basicity of the Fe-Mn/SBA-15 catalyst contributed to a large amount of nitrate being produced during the catalysis. The nitrate decomposed to produce N2O, resulting in a decrease in N2 selectivity.  The denitration mechanism of the Fe-Mn/SBA-15 catalyst in the SCR reaction followed Langmuir-Hinshelwood, Eley-Rideal, and Mars-van Krevelen mechanisms